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Dali was a showman and master of publicity, who was famous for his Dreamscapes featuring his anxieties and fears. Join us as we take you into the world of Salvador Dali!
“If you play a genius you will become one.”
Dali Was born in 1904
Dali’s father was a Lawyer and Notary and quite authoritarian and had bad temper, he was very closed to his mother…
He was an extremely shy nervous child… His friend recalls him being terrified of Grasshoppers.
He was a naturally talented artist.
Portrait of My dead Brother 1963
When he was five he was told by his parents that he was the reincarnation of his brother who died Nine months before him as a 2-year-old his brother was called Salvador Dali.
He referred to him and the spirit of his brother as Castor and Pollux, a Greko/Roman legend. When Castor was killed, Pollux asked Zeus to let him share his own immortality with his twin to keep them together, and they were transformed into the constellation of Gemini
Portrait of my brother features the image a boy taken from a newspaper, Dali recreates and enlarges the dots of newsprint, made popular in art by the American artist Roy Lichtenstein.
Dali spent many summers in the Cadaques in the northeast corner of Spain
Cadaques is by the sea and had landscape dominated by rocks… In the mind of a boy, they would take on different shapes The double image is something that would appear in many of his works and particularly the rocks which form shapes and looked like different things…..
Rock formation in Cadaques
Paranoiac Village (c.1931)
Pablo Picasso sent Dali an image of African villages that when turned it on its side it looked like a face… Dali painted this and made this image into a painting.
On 6 February 1921, Dalí’s mother died of uterus cancer. Dalí was just 16 years old
1922 he went to study painting in Madrid
Being so timid he became a flamboyant exhibitionist in order to overcome this.
In 1926 he went to Paris to meet Picasso
Picasso described “Dali as having a mind like an outboard motor”
“There can be no Dali without Gali”
1929 Gala met Dali
Gala an older more life experienced person than Dali. When they first met she was married to the Surrealist poet Paul Eluard. It was love at first site. Gala was the driving force behind Dali she was his agent and source of inspiration and would find galleries and buyers for his works…
‘I would polish Gala to make her shine, make her the happiest possible, caring for her more than myself, because, without her, it would all end.’ – wrote Dalí.
Chien Andalou Movie 1929 (An Andalusian Dog)
A strange compelling film. It has a narrative that plays like a dream. In it, Dali plays a priest
This surreal short is famous for its opening scene in which a razor is shown cutting across an eyeball.
It also includes scenes such as a man standing on the street prodding a hand with a cane while 2 police struggle to hold back mean in hats and suits who surround them trying to get a curious closer look. One scene has two grand pianos with 2 dead rotting donkeys under their lids…
This was film popular with the surrealists and he officially joined the group.
The film Chien Andalou
Paranoiac Critical Method
1931 he develops his paranoiac-critical method. He was deeply influenced by the work of Sigmund Freud who was pioneering research into the unconscious mind… Dali most famous works feature images drawn from his deep subconscious. such as, elephants and part open draws.
The various images that appear in his works have meanings attributed to them:
Ants: as a child, Dali saw an insect that had been eaten by ants and it was covered in ants and just its outer shell remained this came to symbolise powerlessness death decay and perhaps overwhelming sexuality
Crutches: The crutch is a symbol of death and resurrection It supports the flaccid, it represents the lack of security he felt and the need for support.
“I don’t do drugs. I am drugs.”
Did he do drugs?
Persistence of memory 1931
Image of Persistence of memory here
His most famous work was Persistence of memory metal attracts ants like rotting flesh. It features soft melting watches in a surreal landscape, some are caught on a tree, A strange face lies melted in the centre of the picture it looks as though it Dali’s. The idea came to him when he was eating Camembert cheese. When Gala when she saw it she said: “no one will ever forget it.”
To escape the war in Europe Salvador Dali went to America where he was a famous celebrated character.
He made a lot of money from doing portraits and performed many stunts.
He held a desire to break into Hollywood and even created a dream sequence for the
Hitchcock movie….. Spellbound.
He even had talks with the Marx Brothers (he was friends with Harpo about creating a film for the Marx brothers called Giraffes on Horseback Salad it was never made but was recently turned into a graphic novel. Dali talks with Disney about making a short film called Destino. It too was never made until 2002 long after his death.
Dali’s Destino remade in 2002
Dali was interested in quantum theory and the atomic science He described the atom as his favorite food for thought. He did many works on this theme he described this period as Nuclear mysticism
Dali was very interested in the discoveries made in the field of Quantum Physics
Galatea of the Spheres 1952
You can see an image of the work here
One of the most famous of the “Nuclear” works was Galatea of the Spheres. It is a portrait of Dali broken up into a matrix of spheres that are suspended in the air. Yet it still has a renaissance feel about it. The spheres represent atomic particles.
Lobster Telephone 1936
Dali influenced design….
The Lobster telephone is a surrealist object, made from the placing items that normally you would not associate with each other together.
To dali Lobsters and Telephones had a sexual connotation for example in one multimedia artwork, Dali dressed live nude models in seafood costumes and he used lobster to cover their private area. Covering the phones receiver was a lobster.
Dali once said….
I do not understand why, when I ask for a grilled lobster in a restaurant, I am never served a cooked telephone; I do not understand why champagne is always chilled and why on the other hand telephones, which are habitually so frightfully warm and disagreeably sticky to the touch, are not also put in silver buckets with crushed ice around them.
He also made jewelry made surrealist using gold and diamonds to make exotic objects
The royal heart.. 1953
Crafted from pure gold and encrusted with 46 rubies, 42 diamonds, and two emeralds, the ruby heart actually beats as you can see in the video below.
V&A acquires Mae West Lips sofa by Salvador Dalí and Edward James
Mae West lips sofa
Created by Salvador Dali and Edward James the sofa is in the shape of the actress Mae West lips. Seductive but a dark piece when you sit in it, you are sinking into the mouth of the sofa.
Gala Died in 1982
Dali died in 1989
Dalí Theatre-Museum. History
This was opened in 1974 and was billed as the world’s largest surrealist object. It was inaugurated in 1974 in Figures. This is the place where Dali is buried.
Stunts of Dali
Dali filled up a Rolls Royce with 500kg of Cauliflowers and drove it from Spain to Paris in Dalí filled up a white Rolls Royce Phantom II with 500kg of cauliflowers and drove it from Spain to Paris in December 1955.
Apparently, the reason was that “everything ends up in the cauliflower!”.
In the London international surrealist exhibition. Dali was to give a talk. To represent how he existed in the bottom of the sea of consciousness he turned up in an old fashioned diving suit….. The artist nearly collapsed in the hot airless suit. And had to be rescued by someone who located a spanner
12 metre long loaf
He once did a performance with a 12 metre long loaf of bread.
Once when meeting Warhol in a hotel Warhol handing him a Marilyn screen print which dali took and urinated all over it to Warhol’s delight!
We also mentioned the Musician Kevin Pearce in this podcast referencing his Coats in Doors childhood Protest.
You can find more info about him at kevinpearcemusic.com