Part One Into Dadaism MAIR24
Crazy, absurd, violent, mocking join us on a journey into DADAISM!
Dada is a crazy absurd violent mocking movement that is hard to pin down. Dada was anti-establishment and a direct response to a society gone mad in the grip of World War One.
It was a movement that was more focused on the concept behind the art rather than the aesthetic.,
Was the first properly international art movement taking place in Germany Switzerland, France and The US
It poked fun at Politicians and the establishment – Satirised the media – Mocked the established Culture. It was anti-society even anti itself, it’s proponents would regularly state Dada is anti-Dada.
Its influence is still being felt today…..
Early Days of Dada – Zurich
In Early February 1916, Hugo Ball poet and philosopher founded the Cabaret Voltaire in a Bar in Zurich. Switzerland was neutral during the war. It was a nightclub and arts society where artists could turn up and perform there work. It attracted artists writers, poets and musicians. Towards the end of February, it had become such a hive of artistic activity that it was turning into a movement. One that needed a name…. It was called Dada.
It is not certain how the name of Dada was chosen. It may have been that Hugo ball and a fellow performer Richard Huselbeck chose the word at random from a dictionary. In French Dada means Hobby Horse. It means yes yes in Romanian Dada and is baby talk for daddy.
Cabaret Voltaire performances
The Romanian artist Marcel Janco made primitive-looking scary masks and costumes that were influenced by Romanian folk art. Ball described them as “The horror of our time, the paralysing background of events, is made visible,”. Artists like Sophie Tauber would wear these outfits and would feel transformed and performed crazy scary improvised dances.
Richard Huelsenbeck who would perform his pieces sometimes whilst aggressively banging a drum, brandishing a riding whip or cane, almost to drum literature into the ground. Once Marcel Janco Tristan Tzara joined him on stage. They performed a piece in German, French and English at the same time. This for me reflects the inability of the warring countries to communicate and understand each other…
Most famously Hugo ball read out a. His sound poems sounded like a made-up language. Whilst reciting this work he wore a costume made of cardboard that made him look like a cross between a priest and the tin man for wizard of Oz. His legs were in a cylinder of shiny blue cardboard up to his hips. Over his top, he wore a huge coat cut out of cardboard. On his head, he wore a high, blue-and-white-striped witch doctor’s hat. This nonsensical poem alluded to the European leaders’ failure to solve their problems through rational discussion. You can see the poem here
Below is a video that gives a flavour of the Cabaret Voltaire Dada performances
Jean Arp or Hans Arp Born 1886 – Died 1966
As well as performances Dada included art and sculpture.
One of the early Dada artists was Jean Arp. He was born in Strasbourg and was the son of a French mother and a German father
Arp created several so-called chance collages. Tearing up work in bits again not using scissors he surrendered a certain amount of control. He dropped them onto a large sheet of paper and just pasted them more or less where they fell. The dadaist were dubious about where had thought had led the world, so they turned chance instead.
You can see one of his works here Untitled (Collage with Squares Arranged according to the Laws of Chance) 1916 – 1917
Tristan Tzara Born 1896 – Died 1963
Dada even produced fake news for the media…
Tristan Tzara sent off a fake story to newspapers about a fake dual between him and Jean arp, who was injured during a duel. It was actually published by a newspaper.
Cut up Poem
Tristan Tzara also created another way to create work from the news. This was done by cutting up a newspaper article and re-arranging the words at random to make a new work. This Shows us that news is just a construction of words and not necessarily to be believed or respected.