Intro and a dash of Duchamp’s toilet – mair1

Drawing of a Urinal with modern art is rubbish written on it

Marcel Duchamp the Man and his “Arty” Urinal

It is very hard to talk about a lot of Modern Art without mentioning Marcel Duchamp, he was a pioneer of the idea “that anything can be considered art…So we want to give you the “heads up” on the Toilet man himself.

Born 1887 Died in 1968

Duchamp  came to prominence with his “Nude descending a staircase Number 2” and this was painted in 1912. It was first exhibited in 1913  New York at a famous exhibition called  the Amoury show , this featured other famous artists, such as Van Goch, Picasso and Matisse.

 In 1917 in New York there was an exhibition of the Society of Independent artists, Marcel Duchamp was on the board of judges. The exhibition entrance rules  stated that anyone could enter and that everything that was submitted would be accepted and shown.

Marcel Duchamp anonymously entered a  Ceramic urinal he bought. He painted on it the name R Mutt….. The piece was called “Fountain”

The idea behind the artwork was to submit something that was “readymade”, suggesting that an artist does not even have to create the work and that it is the idea behind the piece that is important.

By submitting a toilet he knew that the Society would come under a lot of pressure if they showed the work, because they would have to explain their actions to wider public:  as a result it was  rejected, despite the judges  saying all pieces would be accepted.

Duchamp remained pretty much unknown until the 1950’s and 1960’s, when a new generation of artists were influenced by him.

 

Bonus Facts

  • No one except his closest friends knew that he had created the piece
  • Poll of experts Voted it the best piece of art in the 20th century
  • Small number of authorised were made replicas as the original was lost.
  • At the End of his Career he retired and took up chess and secretly worked on a single piece of artwork called “Ettant donnes”
  • R Mutt why  perhaps R.M. stand for ReadyMade, or  it came from the Mott Ironworks. In German, pronounced as the word ‘armut’, meaning poverty.
  • Marcel Duchamp was a very talented painter as you can see in his 1910 portrait of  his father

 

Useful links about Marcel Duchamp

More detail on the Urinal piece  “Fountain”

Link on the Armory show and “Nude Descending a Staircase”

Ettant Donnes Duchamps” final piece

A Short video on Marcel Duchamp

Extra Final Note!

Did Duchamp create Fountain?

There has been a theory that Duchamp was not responsible for the creation of “Fountain” however after much research we still believe in the accepted version of Art History. Here is a link to a good blog post by artbouillon.com discussing the issue.

 

Author: Marcus

2 thoughts on “Intro and a dash of Duchamp’s toilet – mair1

  1. Should’ve done more research that piece is now known to have been created by Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven

    1. Hi Loya Son, thanks for your message (Marcus From the pod here). I had previously looked into this subject and researched it. Whilst I still agree with the accepted version of Art History, in light of your comment I have added an extra piece to the notes…..

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